STATEMENT AND COURSES OF ACTION
Evaluating courses of action is a Major area of logical reasoning. This is a regular feature in Bank scrutinize exams. This type of questions is intended to scrutinize the decision -making skills of the candidate. Format of the problem normally, the directions of the questions will be long and reading them in the examination hall is time consuming. Hence, understanding the question format is of at most importance.
Directions: - In the following questions a fact situation is given followed by two suggested courses. A course of action is a step of administrative decision taken for improvement or follow- up action. Read the situation and then decide which of the given courses of action follows. Give answer:-
(a) If only course of action I follows
(b) If only course of action II follows
(c) If both the course of action follow
(d) If neither follows
(e) If the data given is inadequate
i.e., If in the light of the given information. It cannot be asserted with certainty whether a course of action follows or not.
Eg : Statement : Cholera has affected many parts of the country. Course of Action : I. The MLAs should rush to their constituencies. II. The government should try to make people aware about the need for clean drinking water.
STEPS TO EVALUATE A COURSE OF ACTION
If we analyze the questions asked in the examinations till now, we can classify the question into two patterns or types.
(I) The first pattern talks of a problem and the suggested courses of action talk of a solution.
(II) The second pattern talks of a situation or fact and the courses of actions are ways of improving that situation.
Type 1. Problem Solution Relation In this type of pattern, the suggested course of action can be followed if.
(1) It solves / reduces of minimize the problem
(2) the solution or course of action is practically Possible.
A suggested course of actions can be said to solve/reduce/minimise, the problem . When; (a) It is an established fact. ie, It is acknowledged universally as a fact. It is an established fact that accidents can be minimised if the motorists follow traffic rules.
Ex : 1. Statement : Accidents are increasing in the state of Kerala.
Valid Course of Action : An awareness campaign conducted to make people aware of the importance of traffic rules.
(b) Experiences says so : If previous experience predict that the particular course of action will minimise the problems, then it can be followed.
For example, past experiences tell us that a ban on arrack is never effective. A tougher legislation may make it effective, but till now it proved otherwise.
(c) Logically it is right : If the problem given is a new one and hardly any experience can be attached to it, check whether the course of action is logically right.
Ex : 2. Statement : Reports say that the government jobs in rural areas are lying vacant.
Course of Action :People working in rural areas should be given more incentives.
This course of action is logically right. If incentives are given, people are motivated and hence they will go to rural areas.
Now, the practicality test. A suggested course of action may indeed solve a problem but in practical life it may not be advisable or possible. If it is so, then the course of action is rejected.
Ex : 3. Statement : Accidents are increasing in our state.
Course of action : The production of vehicles should be banned
Though the above course of action minimizes the problem, it is practically impossible.
Type II : Fact - Improvement Relation
This pattern is solved just by applying the same rules of Type I. First we have to identify whether the fact or situation will improve due to the course of action mentioned. Second thing to do is to check whether the, course of action is practically possible.
SPECIAL RULE THE FINAL W
Never allow our personal perceptions to come into play while evaluating the suggested courses of action. We should always give importance to the way public departments and systems function and we should accept them even if we don't trust them. Our decisions and views should be impartial and impersonal.
In most of the cases, a situation has more than one course of action. But they are never exclusive to each other. So our answer should be always "both follow" and not "either of them follows.